Click Fraud: Understanding the Danger

Click Fraud: Understanding the Danger

Pay-per-click advertising is a valid and cost-effective method of driving targeted traffic to a website. Despite the fact that it can be lucrative for merchants, it can also be enticing for scammers. For example, the “Judy” spyware found earlier this year generated millions of dollars for its developers by imitating clicks on Google advertisements. As a result of the virus’s placement in popular apps, cyber security experts believe it may have affected over 35 million Android devices worldwide.

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Every year, click fraud costs marketers billions of dollars, and the threat is only growing in magnitude. Merchants, on the other hand, do not have to become victims of the growing hazard. Combining the appropriate information with due diligence can help to reduce risk and ensure long-term profit. In this piece, we’ll give you an overview of click fraud and go over some of the precautions you can take to protect yourself and your company from it.

What is Click Fraud and how does it work?

Click Fraud occurs when a third party intentionally clicks on an advertising link—for example, a banner ad—with no intention of doing business with the advertiser. It is defined as follows: It may happen with any sponsored ad or link, but it’s most common (and most detrimental) when it’s done through the affiliate marketing industry.

The practice of click fraud, like cookie stuffing and other affiliate threat sources, wastes advertisers’ money while distorting targeting data. Additionally, it raises the cost of online advertising, bringing long-term harm to the business in general.

Manual and automated fraudulent clicks are the two types of fraudulent clicks that exist. In the former, human humans are involved in the act of clicking a link, whereas in the latter, automated tools are used to operate on a bigger scale.

Manual Click Fraud Comes in a Variety of Forms

Manual fraud is typically more limited in extent because it necessitates the employment of warm bodies to click on the advertisements. Manual click fraud is even more difficult to prove because a human being can always claim that the click was made by mistake. So, who are the human beings responsible for all of this clicking?


When competitors click on your link, they are aware that you will be required to pay and receive nothing in return. Even one rival visiting your website on a regular basis can completely deplete your budget for a small firm.

There are controls in place to ensure that it does not become quite that simple. A more plausible situation would be a competitor who has a large network of friends or employees on their side. Throughout the network, different people connect to the same link at various times or from different devices.


Marketers use placement services, such as Google’s AdSense, to match their ads with established websites based on their same interests and demographics. A banner advertisement or text link is submitted to the placement provider, which then displays it on a similar host site, or affiliate, on the internet. If a visitor clicks on your advertisement, the affiliate is compensated.

It’s simple money for the affiliate, but the system can be manipulated and misused as well. For example, affiliates may choose to click on advertisements on their own behalf from time to time. Alternatively, affiliates may use employees, friends, or family members to click on their behalf, similar to the rival indicated above. This has the same outcome as before: increased revenue for the affiliate at your expense.


Click fraud is not always malicious in nature. For example, if your mother want to brag about your accomplishments, she may instruct everyone in her gardening club to Google your firm and click on your advertisement. Alternatively, you may have consumers who are unable to recall your website URL, leading them to conduct a search and click on the ad every time.

While everything is benign and well-intentioned, it is nevertheless costing you money. With each useless click, you are also distorting your client marketing data, which is bad for business.

Automated Click Fraud Comes in a Variety of Forms

While manual click fraud can be detrimental, automated fraudsters are the ones that cause the most harm. Fake clicks are nearly always used by affiliates to increase traffic for their own websites and products. In this context, the term “automated” can apply to anything that simplifies or speeds the process, such as the following:


When it comes to internet robots, bots are devices or programs that automate ordinary online tasks with little or no human intervention. Bots are capable of simulating human behaviors, such as generating a (fake) user click.

Fraudsters can create “botnets” by infecting thousands of unsuspecting machines with malware, which they can then use to spread their malicious code. Each operating system contains code that is installed without the knowledge of the device’s owner. This enables the fraudster to exploit those machines in a passive manner to generate fake clicks on his or her behalf.

Inflation has taken a hit.

Affiliates occasionally solicit users for assistance; they persuade users to click on ad links in order to “support the channel” and contribute to the funding of future content. Because it appears to be harmless, customers are encouraged to click on advertisements for other websites. They are beneficial to the affiliate, but they are detrimental to the advertisers.

Another, more aggressive tactic forces users to unwittingly click on ad links by employing a similar but more aggressive approach. An ad page is redirected to a content page once the user clicks on a valid link that has been programmed to redirect them. Even if the person is only on the ad page for a split second, it might be considered a click. However, because the “ad page” can be as small as a single pixel in size, the user is completely oblivious that anything suspicious has occurred.

Hit inflation is the term used to describe this activity. It is utilized, as is the case with all click fraud, to artificially inflate the number of visitors who arrive to an advertiser’s website through an affiliate link.


Click farms are a fascinating hybrid of manual and automatic fraud that is becoming increasingly popular. To complete a task, large groups of human employees are employed, usually in underdeveloped countries where labor prices are low. These teams manually click on links with a variety of gadgets in order to increase their click figures.

The assembly-line technique is what distinguishes the process as “automated.” Rather than being dispersed around the office, workers are concentrated in a single spot with access to as many as 50 or more devices (smart phones or tablets).

As an advertiser, you may believe you are receiving hits from a large number of individuals, but it is possible that they are all being created by a single individual. Humans are responsible for the clicks, yet they are essentially performing the same role as a botnet in terms of volume and frequency.

Can I Protect Myself from Click Fraud? What Are My Options?

Despite the fact that click fraud is widespread, getting a precise figure for the number of attacks is nearly impossible. According to their estimates, experts think that as many as 50% of all advertising clicks are false.

Those alarming numbers should not, however, dissuade you from engaging in PPC advertising altogether. Pay-per-click advertising (PPC) is still an effective resource, and it may be extremely successful provided you use caution.

Under surveillance should be everything.

Can click fraud be prevented or detected in a foolproof method, and if so, what is it? Unfortunately, this is not the case. However, if you pay close attention to the results of your advertising, you will be more likely to discover when something is wrong. Keep track of whatever metric you can; if you don’t have legitimate numbers to compare against, you can miss the presence of a problem.

Quality vs. Quantity: Which Is Better?

Ad placement systems allow you to have some control over where your advertisement appears. Make adjustments to your targeting to focus on sites that are most likely to produce potential clients. The lesser the quality of the websites on which your advertisements appear, the greater the likelihood of click fraud. Even though you may receive fewer clicks in this manner, they should be more value.

Price Can Make a Significant Difference

You tell the provider how much you’re willing to spend per click when you use pay-per-click advertising (PPC). By adjusting these settings, you can improve the quality of your responses while decreasing the likelihood of click fraud. You can find formulas on the internet to assist you in achieving the results you desire. A decent rule of thumb is to start with a low bid, monitor the results, and then increase the price as necessary.

It is advantageous to be exclusive.

The majority of search engines include built-in capabilities that allow you to track fake clicks. These capabilities also allow you to omit or limit the placement of your adverts in regions that are less than ideal. To exclude an entire geographic region from your ad targeting is risky, but if your target market is surfers, for example, barring your ad from sites in Siberia is a reasonable and measured risk.

Take, for example, social media.

Consider shifting your pay-per-click advertising to social media platforms such as Facebook. Eliminating third-party platforms helps to lessen the likelihood of click fraud occurring. Click-throughs from social media networks are far more likely to be potential leads rather than fraudsters since social media networks tend to have more data on their members, which allows for better targeting.

Inquire for Assistance

There are a variety of external resources available to assist you in limiting click fraud, including software designed to recognize and block fraudulent clicks. Although it will need an investment, it is wise to combat click fraud with solutions that are specifically built for that purpose.

Paying attention is the best method in dealing with identity theft and other forms of fraud. PPC advertising is a crucial component of a full online marketing plan; thus, set objectives and monitor the progress of your campaigns closely.

Don’t assess the efficiency of your internet investment solely on the number of clicks it receives; test it across the board. Sales and conversion figures are a more accurate measure of business success than any other. Whatever you do, make certain that the system is user-friendly.